A Juvenile Offender is a child between the ages of ten and seventeen who has committed an act that would be considered a crime if they were an adult. A juvenile offender case is filed in Court after a law enforcement report is sent to the County Attorney’s Office for review and it is determined that a violation of Kansas law has occurred. An attorney is appointed to represent the juvenile after a case has been filed. The attorney is responsible for attending all of the court hearings with the juvenile and protecting the juvenile’s legal rights.
A juvenile has a right to a trial in front of the judge or a jury whenever they have been charged with a crime. While historically a juvenile’s criminal history would have been sealed, that is no longer true. A juvenile’s history of adjudications in court will now be used against them if they are to commit a crime in the future as either a juvenile or an adult. If a juvenile is adjudicated of a crime, then the Court will enter a disposition, or sentence. A court may order that a juvenile be placed on probation, perform community service, pay a fine, pay restitution, pay court costs, participate in community programs, be placed in State’s custody, be removed from the home, or be placed in a locked detention facility.